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Oil & Gas Drilling Fluids | Water-Based Muds | Deep Black FR™

Deep Black FR™

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Graphite Lubricant & Friction Reducer

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

  • Deep Black FR™ is part of a family of additives consisting of stabilized dispersion of graphite in an environ- mentally friendly oily medium (low BTEX).
  • Deep Black FR™ provides all functions of graphite lubricants.
  • Deep Black FR™ is particularly effective as a friction reducer in fresh water and brines based completion and coiled tubing fluids.
  • Deep Black FR™ can be used as a thickener for fresh water or brines in work-over or completions operations.
  • Deep Black FR™ can be used as a thickener for Slick Water Fracturing.
  • Deep Black FR™ can be used as thickener or aqueous lubricant for use in pipeline.

BENEFITS AND USE

  • Deep Black FR™ uses the new technology concept which means to treat solid particles with a teflonized derivative.
  • Deep Black FR™ with a slippery surface tension free ability to coat the well bore and drill bit and therefore reduces torque and drag which in turn increases ROP.
  • Deep Black FR™ is non-toxic, non-combustible and contains no heavy metals or environmentally hazardous chemicals.
  • Deep Black FR™ provides for high drilling efficiency and minimization of well costs in vertical, inclined and horizontal wellbores, completion and work-over operations, as well as coiled tubing.
  • Deep Black FR™ does not generate damage formation.

ADDITIONAL ADVANTAGES

  • Optimizes lubrication, especially at higher temperatures
  • Inhibits hydration of the clay fraction in shale
  • Reduces wellbore damage, especially vibration induced formation damage resulting from the stick-slip phenomenon
  • Stabilizes rheological properties, leading to greater borehole efficiency
  • Stabilizes HTHP filtrate values
  • Slicks the entire open-hole, casing and drill-string; reducing frictional forces
  • Reduction of torque and drag values
  • Reduction or elimination of bit and BHA balling
  • Significant reductions in tubular and drilling equipment wear
  • Improved tripping, logging and casing run times
  • Provides additional viscosity to WBM

TREATMENT

  • Deep Black FRTM is easily dispersed and may be added via a hopper directly into the active system or through pre-mixing.
  • Concentration should vary dependent on mud types, density, well path design (anticipated torque and drag) and anticipated formation.
  • Field experience has shown that a treatment of 3.5- 8 ppb to be effective in reducing torque and drag due to brittle formations and pressurized shale and clay inhibition.
  • Treatment on maintenance of daily addition of between 0.25 and 0.50 ppb should be made.
  • Control of HPHT filtrate values could be an efficient way to follow the Deep Black FRTM performance and additions to the system.

PACKAGING

  • 55 Gallon Drum
  • 275 Gallon Tote
  • Bulk

PERFORMANCE TESTS

In 4% KCl Base
These test show that additions of Deep Black FRTM from 5.3 to 9.0 gal/m3 can help to get acceptable rheology parameters.

Sample

1

2

3

Tap Water (ml)

350

350

350

Soda Ash (g)

0.50

0.50

0.50

KCl (g)

14

14

14

Deep Black FR™

7

10

12

Calcium Carbonate Mesh 200 (g)

50

50

50

pH

9.8

9.8

9.9



Sample

1

2

3

Temperature (°F)

120

120

120

PV (cps)

7

9

10

YP (lbf/100ft2)

11

20

26

Gels (lbf/100ft2)

1/1

2/2

3/4

6/3 rpm Readings (lbf/100ft2)

1/1

3/2

6/4



Sample

1

2

3

Liquid XE (ml)

3

Liquid XP-175 (ml)

3

Liquid XH Polymer (ml)*

1

* Liquid XH Polymer is a liquid presentation of fluid lost control/rheology enhancer polymer.

Sample

1

2

3

Temperature (°F)

120

120

120

PV (cps)

9

14

12

YP (lbf/100ft2)

16

25

33

Gels (lbf/100ft2)

2/2

3/3

4/4

6/3 rpm Readings (lbf/100ft2)

3/2

4/3

7/4


PERFORMANCE TESTS

In 4% Sea Salt Fluids
These test show that additions of Deep Black FRTM from 15 gal/m3 can help to get acceptable rheology parameters.

Sample

1

2

3

Tap Water (ml)

350

350

350

Soda Ash (g)

0.50

0.50

0.50

Sea Salt Mix (g)

14

14

14

Deep Black FR™

10

20

25

Calcium Carbonate Mesh 200 (g)

50

50

50

pH

9.8

9.8

9.9



Sample

1

2

3

Temperature (°F)

120

120

120

PV (cps)

15

20

23

YP (lbf/100ft2)

8

27

35

Gels (lbf/100ft2)

1/1

1/1

2/3

6/3 rpm Readings (lbf/100ft2)

1/1

2/1

3/2



Sample

1

2

Liquid XE-170 (ml)

2

Liquid XP-175 (ml)

2



Sample

1

2

Temperature (°F)

120

120

PV (cps)

20

37

YP (lbf/100ft2)

42

43

Gels (lbf/100ft2)

10/12

2/2

6/3 rpm Readings (lbf/100ft2)

9/7

4/2



The information contained on this page is correct to the best of our knowledge, but is intended only as a source of information. The recommendations or suggestions herein are made without guarantee or representation as to results, and we suggest that you evaluate the recommendation contained on this page in your own laboratory prior to use. Our responsibility for claims arising from breach of warranty, negligence or otherwise is limited to the purchase price of the material.

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